Friday, October 18, 2013

La Calavera Catrina - Halloween in Mexico 1 - 2 novembre

La Calavera Catrina

Originally called La Calavera Garbancera, the etching was created sometime between 1910 and 1913 by Jose Guadalupe Posada as a broadside. The work's fame however comes from its appearance in the first posthumous edition, which was published from the original plates in 1930 by Frances Toor, Blas Vanegas Arroyo and Pablo O'Higgins, entitled Mongrafia: Las Obras de Jose Guadalupe Posada, Grabador Mexicano. Calavera Catrina (Dapper Skeleton). This image can be found on plate 21 of Posada's Popular Mexican Prints.

The image made from zinc etching captures the famous calaveras or skull/skeleton image that had become popular at the turn of the 20th century. The original leaflet describes a person who was ashamed of his Indian origins and dressed imitating the French style while wearing lots of makeup to make his skin look whiter. This description also ties to the original name garbancera, which became a nickname given to people of indigenous ancestry who imitated European style and denied their own cultural heritage.


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